Building upon the momentum created in Detroit, this Jobs Conference gave us a golden opportunity to enhance our collective thinking about a set of questions--how to enhance growth, how to create a better framework for more jobs, how best to fight against social exclusion--which are at the heart of the concerns of the G7 countries.
The discussions of the past two days were very fruitful. They reinforced our conviction that to restore confidence and lay the groundwork for a healthy recovery, it was crucial to reach a consensus on the challenges facing our economies.
The development of a more global economy and advances in information technology are an engine for new economic opportunity and prosperity, but may also be seen as a source of dislocation and insecurity. Our challenge is not to slow the pace of change and erect barriers, but rather to encourage economic institutions and policies that ensure all our citizens can seize the opportunities to compete in the global economy and to master the technologies of the new century.
We do not need to choose between worsening unemployment and widening income inequality. We must achieve both economic growth and a widely shared prosperity. We recognize the crucial role of the private sector for achieving these goals. Although there is no single solution that fits all our various situations, during this Conference we learned from each other's experiences. Meeting these challenges cannot be achieved by labor policies alone--the robustness of the employment environment reflects the interaction of labor market policies with macroeconomic policies, structural policies, technology policies, trade policies, education and training policies, and welfare policies.
To meet these challenges, we will have to:
Strong growth will undoubtedly help to reduce unemployment. But much will still remain to be done to address the structural problems which impede job creation and income growth.
A - Creating the conditions for sustainable growth and strong job creation.
1. Vigorous, sustainable and non-inflationary growth can only be achieved in the context of healthy public finances.
The G7 countries must therefore endeavor to control public spending more effectively in order to reduce their deficits. Cuts
to Government expenditures should be carried out in the most efficient way, taking into account policy priorities, especially
those that improve employment prospects. Reducing deficits will help to create a more favorable climate for private investment
and income growth, against a background of moderate interest rates.
2. We reaffirmed our commitment to pursuing open trading policies because of their beneficial contribution to increased prosperity, employment and higher wage jobs. To that end, we call on trade ministers to maintain the momentum of trade liberalization through the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Singapore in December. We also noted the importance of enhancing core labor standards around the world, and examining the links between these standards and international trade in appropriate fora. Therefore we await with interest the completion of the studies currently underway at the OECD and ILO on the social dimensions of international trade.
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B - Fostering the emergence of the jobs of the future.
3. As experience over the past fifty years has shown, the introduction and diffusion of new technologies is good for growth
and employment. Governments can play an important role in facilitating innovation in the private sector and the dissemination of
new technologies. With this in mind, we wish to draw attention to the following points:
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C - Preventing and fighting social exclusion
7. Despite the favorable dynamics created by technological progress and efforts to invest in people, some workers
find it difficult to adapt. They run the risk of being left aside. To improve their working and social conditions, and to prevent
and fight against their exclusion from society, we must address insecurity about employment opportunities, pay, benefits
and living conditions.
In certain G7 countries, young people are experiencing great difficulty in entering the labor market, with highly damaging consequences for their subsequent working life. They deserve help and very special attention in order to facilitate their entry into working life.
For other reasons, some workers who are well advanced in professional life are confronted with serious problems (e.g., reduced employability, difficulties in adapting to new technologies) which lead them to leave the workplace prematurely. We should do our best to end this waste of human resources at the very time when our societies are aging. More generally, we seek to identify policies that promote the security of "employability" over individuals' working lifetimes and facilitate job transitions.
8. Some very practical ideas have been put forward during this Conference that will help us achieve both high levels of employment and widely shared prosperity. Their application needs to be adapted to the institutions of the different G7 countries.
The OECD and the ILO have made a valuable contribution to our deliberations at this Conference, and we look forward to their continued assistance and advice. In particular, we welcome the excellent report of Technology, Productivity and Job Creation, prepared by the OECD, as requested at the Detroit Job Conference in 1994, and look to appropriate follow-up work. The ILO and the OECD can further our understanding in their respective areas of excellence. We recommend that further work be undertaken on the interaction between macro-economic policies and structural reforms, and on "best practices" in technology and innovation, human capital investment, high performance work places, and policies to protect the most vulnerable groups.
Ministers welcome the Japanese Government's offer to host a meeting of experts on employment which could focus on youth employment, the problem of aging workers and lifelong learning.
The Chair of the Conference will forward these conclusions to leaders for the Lyon Summit.
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Source: Released at the Jobs Ministerial Conference, Lille, France April 2, 1996
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