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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/1021

Title: Drawing & the blind: Pictures to touch
Authors: Kennedy, John M.
Keywords: blind--education--art
Issue Date: 1993
Publisher: Yale University Press
Citation: Kennedy, J. M. (1993). Drawing & the blind: Pictures to touch (1st ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Abstract: This groundbreaking work explores how children and adults who have been blind since birth can both perceive and draw pictures. John M. Kennedy, a perception psychologist, relates how pictures in raised form can be understood by the blind, and how untrained blind people can make recognizable sketches of objects, situations, and events using new methods for raised-line drawing. According to Kennedy, the ability to draw develops in blind people as it does in the sighted. His book gives detailed descriptions of his work with the blind, includes many pictures by blind children and adults, and provides a new theory of visual and tactile perception--applicable to both the blind and the sighted--to account for his startling findings. Kennedy argues that spatial perception is possible through touch as well as through sight, and that aspects of perspective are found in pictures by the blind. He shows that blind people recognize when pictures of objects are drawn incorrectly. According to Kennedy, the incorrect features are often deliberate attempts to represent properties of objects that cannot be shown in a picture. These metaphors, as Kennedy describes them, can be interpreted by the blind and the sighted in the same way. Kennedy's findings are vitally important for studies in perceptual and cognitive psychology, the philosophy of representation, and education. His conclusions have practical significance as well, offering inspiration and guidelines for those who seek to engineer ways to allow blind and visually impaired people to gain access to information only available in graphs, figures, and pictures.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/1021
ISBN: 300054904
Appears in Collections:Psychology
Kennedy, John M.

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Preface.pdfTable of Contents and Preface67.04 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Chap1.pdfChapter 1: To Touch and to Picture the World290.17 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Chap2.pdfChapter 2: Pictures, Lines, and Shape-from-Shadows949.46 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Chap3.pdfChapter 3: Blind People and Outline Drawings939.74 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Chap4.pdfChapter 4: Drawings by the Blind752.55 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Chap5.pdfChapter 5: Drawing Development1.33 MBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Chap6.pdfChapter 6: Perspective776.53 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Chap7.pdfChapter 7: Metaphor854.3 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Chap8.pdfChapter 8: Impressions and Universals754.87 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_Conclusion.pdfChapter 9: Drawing Conclusions238.97 kBAdobe PDF
Drawing_and_the_Blind_ref_index.pdfReference and Index3.78 MBAdobe PDF

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