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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/10319

Title: Mencerdaskan Bangsa - An Inquiry into the Phenomenon of Taman Bacaan in Indonesia
Authors: Håklev, Stian
Keywords: Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES::Other social sciences::Library and information science
Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION::History and philosophy subjects::History subjects::Book and library history
Research Subject Categories::HUMANITIES and RELIGION::Languages and linguistics::Other languages::Indonesian language
Issue Date: 14-Apr-2008
Abstract: Since 2001, a movement of individuals, neighbourhood and community organizations and NGOs starting and running their own libraries has emerged in Indonesia. Called Taman Bacaans (TBs) - reading gardens - these simple libraries, often hosted in somebody’s house, or in a community building, provide easy and informal access to books, as well as frequent literacy programming. This thesis traces the historical heritage of these TBs back to the early renting libraries of peranakan Chinese in the 19th century, through Balai Pustaka and the public library movement under Sukarno. The modern TB emerges in the 1980s, the government attempts a wide-scale implementation of TBs in the 1990s, and a community movement finally emerges in 2001. Using interviews with informants and newspaper articles, blogs, mailing lists, and NGO and government reports, I describe the process of how the TB movement emerges in Bandung and Yogyakarta. I also identify a number of factors that enabled and supported the movement: inspiring individual role-models, “best-case” libraries, networks and the roles of Islam and nationalism. Finally I provide an overview of the situation today, combining government statistics with the results of a survey conducted in Jakarta, and show that there are three kinds of TBs: those set-up by national, regional or local government (TBMs), those funded by large-scale donors, and independent TBs grounded in the local communities. I conclude with a number of recommendations for government and donors.
Description: BA Thesis for International Development Studies, University of Toronto at Scarborough, April 2008. Please contact the author at shaklev@gmail.com to receive a copy translated into Indonesian.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/10319
Appears in Collections:Senior Students Theses

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