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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/11118

Title: Non-linear Latent Factor Models for Revealing Structure in High-dimensional Data
Authors: Memisevic, Roland
Advisor: Hinton, Geoffrey
Department: Computer Science
Keywords: Machine Learning
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2008
Abstract: Real world data is not random: The variability in the data-sets that arise in computer vision, signal processing and other areas is often highly constrained and governed by a number of degrees of freedom that is much smaller than the superficial dimensionality of the data. Unsupervised learning methods can be used to automatically discover the “true”, underlying structure in such data-sets and are therefore a central component in many systems that deal with high-dimensional data. In this thesis we develop several new approaches to modeling the low-dimensional structure in data. We introduce a new non-parametric framework for latent variable modelling, that in contrast to previous methods generalizes learned embeddings beyond the training data and its latent representatives. We show that the computational complexity for learning and applying the model is much smaller than that of existing methods, and we illustrate its applicability on several problems. We also show how we can introduce supervision signals into latent variable models using conditioning. Supervision signals make it possible to attach “meaning” to the axes of a latent representation and to untangle the factors that contribute to the variability in the data. We develop a model that uses conditional latent variables to extract rich distributed representations of image transformations, and we describe a new model for learning transformation features in structured supervised learning problems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/11118
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Computer Science - Doctoral theses

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