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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/11144

Title: Facilitators and Barriers of Physical Activity in Older Persons Who Have Experienced a Fall
Authors: Hanada, Edwin Yoshiyuki
Advisor: Naglie, Gary
Department: Medical Science
Keywords: facilitators
physical activity
Issue Date: 30-Jul-2008
Abstract: FACILITATORS AND BARRIERS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN OLDER PERSONS WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED A FALL Edwin Yoshiyuki Hanada, Master's of Science Degree, Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, 2008 ABSTRACT A systematic review and four focus groups were conducted to determine the facilitators and barriers of physical activity in older adults who have experienced a fall. Results from the systematic review demonstrated facilitators and barriers of purposeful and non-purposeful physical activity for older adults, but not specifically fallers. Facilitators identified in the systematic review and elaborated upon in the focus groups involving older fallers included: deriving benefits from physical activity in the physical, psychological, or functional realms; and social support providing encouragement for participation in physical activity, or acting as a distraction from negative physical symptoms during participation in group physical activity. Conversely, barriers to purposeful and non-purposeful physical activity included: symptoms of chronic illnesses, such as cardiac chest pain, arthritic pain, poor balance or poor eyesight; a fear of falling; and adverse physical environmental conditions, such as cold or warm, humid weather. The focus groups identified disinclination to activity as an important barrier to purposeful physical activity. When placed in a theoretical context such as Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory and Marcus and Owen’s Readiness for Change model, the results of this study can help inform the design of physical activity interventions to prevent falls in older adults with a history of falls.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/11144
Appears in Collections:Master
Institute of Medical Science - Master theses

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