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|Title: ||Point-based Ionizing Radiation Dosimetry Using Radiochromic Materials and a Fibreoptic Readout System|
|Authors: ||Rink, Alexandra|
|Advisor: ||Jaffray, David A.|
|Department: ||Medical Biophysics|
|Keywords: ||radiation dosimetry|
|Issue Date: ||1-Aug-2008|
|Abstract: ||Real-time feedback of absorbed dose at a point within a patient can help with radiological quality assurance and innovation. Two radiochromic materials from GafChromic MD-55 and EBT films have been investigated for applicability in real-time in vivo dosimetry of ionizing radiation. Both films were able to produce a real-time measurement of optical density from a small volume, allowing positioning onto a tip of an optical fibre in the future. The increase in optical density was linear with absorbed dose for MD-55, and non-linear for EBT. The non-linearity of EBT is associated with its increased sensitivity to ionizing radiation compared to MD-55, thus reaching optical saturation at a much lower dose. The radiochromic material in EBT film was also shown to polymerize and stabilize faster, decreasing dose rate dependence in real-time measurements in comparison to MD-55. The response of the two media was tested over 75 kVp – 18 MV range of x-ray beams. The optical density measured for EBT was constant within 3% throughout the entire range, while MD-55 exhibited a nearly 40% decrease at low energies. Both materials were also shown to be temperature sensitive, with the change in optical density generally decreasing when the temperature increased from ~22°C to ~37°C. This was accompanied by a shift in the peak absorbance wavelength. It was illustrated that some of this decrease can be corrected for by tracking the peak position and then multiplying the optical density by a correction factor based on the predicted temperature. Overall, the radiochromic material in GafChromic EBT film was found to be a better candidate for in vivo real-time dosimetry than the material in GafChromic MD-55.
A novel mathematical model was proposed linking absorbance to physical parameters and processes of the radiochromic materials. The absorbance at every wavelength in the spectrum was represented as a sum of absorbances from multiple absorbers, where absorbance is characterized by its absorption coefficient, initiation constant, and polymerization constant. Preliminary fits of this model to experimental data assuming two absorbers suggested that there is a trade-off between EBT’s greater sensitivity and its dose linearity characteristics. This was confirmed by experimental results.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Medical Biophysics - Doctoral theses
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