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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/11265

Title: Occupation Attributes Relate to Origin and Extent of Atrophy in Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
Authors: Spreng, Robert Nathan
Advisor: Levine, Brian
Department: Psychology
Keywords: Dementia
Occupation
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2008
Abstract: Occupation provides valuable information on premorbid ability in dementia. Not only is occupation related to cognitive and brain reserve, but premorbid sub-symptomatic impairment may influence prospective career choice. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) patients with professions dependent upon one hemisphere have demonstrated contralateral degeneration. The present work was the first group study to examine the relationship between atrophy in FTLD and occupation. Chapter one reviews methods for quantifying occupations and introduces the Occupational Information Network database. This database provided quantified occupation attribute data and enabled subsequent multivariate analyses. A principal component analysis yielded five factors that parsimoniously summarized verbal, physical, mechanical, mathematical and visuospatial occupational demands, some with hypothesized neuroanatomical substrates. Chapters two and three tested the hypothesis that occupation characteristics systematically relate to origin of atrophy in FTLD. In a multi-centre chart review of 588 patients, occupation information was related to location of atrophy. Patients with unilateral right atrophy had higher verbal scores than patients with unilateral left or bilateral atrophy. Thus, occupation selection occurring in early adulthood is related to lateralized brain damage in patients who develop FTLD decades later. The finding suggests that verbal occupations may have been pursued due to incipient right-hemisphere functional impairment. Alternatively, long-term engagement of verbal processes contributed to left-hemisphere reserve, right-hemisphere dysfunction, or both. In a subgroup of well-characterized patients with quantified brain imaging data, chapter three replicated and extended these findings. The lateralization effect was limited to the temporal lobes and included both verbal and mathematical ability. This pattern may reflect shared attributes between mathematics and language processing, which are mediated by left-temporal lobe structures. Patients whose professions placed high demands on language had relatively preserved left temporal lobes and atrophy originating in the right temporal lobes at disease onset whereas patients with less challenging linguistic occupations were more susceptible to the onset of atrophy in the left-temporal lobe. In chapter four, the hypothesized relationship between occupational attainment and global degeneration was supported. Patients with highly skilled occupations had less atrophy than patients with lower-skilled occupations. Notably, specific occupational attributes were predictive of brain volume after controlling for demography and disease progression. Overall, a relationship between occupation and FTLD is supported.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/11265
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Psychology - Doctoral theses

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