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|Title: ||NMR Studies of SH3 Domain Structure and Function|
|Authors: ||Bezsonova, Irina|
|Advisor: ||Kay, Lewis E.|
Forman-Kay, Julie Deborah
|Keywords: ||SH3 domain|
|Issue Date: ||19-Jan-2009|
|Abstract: ||SH3 domains are excellent models for probing folding and protein interactions. This thesis describes NMR studies of several SH3 domains, including the N-terminal SH3 domain of the Drosophila adaptor protein Drk (drkN SH3 domain), the SH3 domain of the proto-oncogene tyrosine-kinase Fyn, and the SH3 domains of the human adaptor protein CIN85, involved in Cbl-mediated downregulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and other receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). The drkN SH3 domain is an ideal system for studying disordered states. The unique quality of this isolated domain is that it exists in an approximately 50/50 equilibrium between its folded and unfolded states under non-denaturating buffer conditions. Interestingly, the single T22G mutation dramatically stabilizes the domain. Here the NMR structures of the drkN SH3 domain and its T22G mutant are determined and compared in order to illuminate the causes of the marginal stability of the domain. Solvent exposure of the folded and the unfolded drkN SH3 domains are probed and compared with a novel NMR technique using molecular oxygen dissolved in solution as a paramagnetic probe. The changes in partial molar volume along the folding trajectories of the drkN SH3 and Fyn SH3 domains are also studied and analyzed here in terms of changes in protein hydration and packing accompanying folding. Finally, the interactions between the SH3 domains of CIN85 and ubiquitin are discussed. All three are shown to bind ubiquitin. The structure of the SH3-C domain in complex with ubiquitin is presented and the effect of disruption of ubiquitin binding on ubiquitination of CIN85 and EGFR in vivo is discussed.
SH3 domains are easily amendable to a wide range of NMR approaches and provide a good system for development and testing of novel methods. Through the use of these approaches significant insights into details of SH3 domain structure, stability, mechanisms of folding and cellular function have been gained.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Chemistry - Doctoral theses
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