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|Title: ||Aldosterone and its Antagonists Modulate Elastin Deposition in the Heart|
|Authors: ||Bunda, Severa|
|Advisor: ||Hinek, Aleksander|
|Department: ||Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology|
mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists
|Issue Date: ||20-Jan-2009|
|Abstract: ||Myocardial infarction activates the renin-angiotensin system, consequently upregulating aldosterone production that may stimulate pathological cardiac fibrosis via mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activation.
Results presented in this thesis were derived from an in vitro experimental model using cultures of human cardiac fibroblasts to study the effect of aldosterone on elastin production. They first confirmed that treatment with 1-50 nM of aldosterone leads to a significant increase in collagen type I production via MR activation. Most importantly, we discovered that treatment with 1-50 nM of aldosterone also increases elastin mRNA levels, tropoelastin synthesis, and elastic fiber deposition. Strikingly, pretreatment with MR antagonist spironolactone did not eliminate aldosterone-induced increases in elastin production.
Interestingly, while cultures treated with elevated aldosterone concentrations (100 nM and 1 µM) showed a further increase (~3.5-fold) in collagen and (~3-fold) in elastin mRNA levels, they demonstrated subsequent increases only in the net deposition of collagen but not elastin. In fact, cultures treated with elevated aldosterone concentrations displayed a striking decrease in the net deposition of insoluble elastin, which could be reversed with spironolactone or with MMP inhibitors doxycycline or GM6001.
Most importantly, we discovered that the pro-elastogenic effect of aldosterone involves a rapid increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) and that the IGF-IR kinase inhibitor AG1024 or an anti-IGF-IR neutralizing antibody inhibits both IGF-I- and aldosterone-induced elastogenesis (Bunda et al., Am J Pathol. 171:809-819, 2007). Furthermore, we showed that the PI3 kinase signaling pathway propagates the elastogenic signal following IGF-IR activation and that activation of c-Src is an important prerequisite for aldosterone-dependent facilitation of the IGF-IR/PI3 kinase signaling.
Results of explorative microarray analysis of 1 hour aldosterone-treated cultures revealed that aldosterone treatment upregulated expression of a heterotrimeric G protein, Gα13, that activates the PI3 kinase signaling pathway. We additionally demonstrated that aldosterone treatment transiently increases the interaction between Gα13 and c-Src and that siRNA-dependent elimination of Gα13 inhibited the pro-elastogenic effect of aldosterone.
In summary, aldosterone, which stimulates collagen production in cardiac fibroblasts through the MR-dependent pathway, also increases elastogenesis via a parallel MR-independent pathway involving the activation of Gα13, c-Src, and IGF-IR/PI3 kinase signaling.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology - Doctoral theses
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