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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/16780

Title: On the Relation Between Quantum Computation and Classical Statistical Mechanics
Authors: Geraci, Joseph
Advisor: Lidar, Daniel
Department: Mathematics
Keywords: Quantum Computation
Statistical Mechanics
Ising model
Potts model
Linear Codes
Graph Theory
Issue Date: 20-Jan-2009
Abstract: We provide a quantum algorithm for the exact evaluation of the Potts partition function for a certain class of restricted instances of graphs that correspond to irreducible cyclic codes. We use the same approach to demonstrate that quantum computers can provide an exponential speed up over the best classical algorithms for the exact evaluation of the weight enumerator polynomial for a family of classical cyclic codes. In addition to this we also provide an efficient quantum approximation algorithm for a function (signed-Euler generating function) closely related to the Ising partition function and demonstrate that this problem is BQP-complete. We accomplish the above for the Potts partition function by using a series of links between Gauss sums, classical coding theory, graph theory and the partition function. We exploit the fact that there exists an efficient approximation algorithm for Gauss sums and the fact that this problem is equivalent in complexity to evaluating discrete log. A theorem of McEliece allows one to turn the Gauss sum approximation into an exact evaluation of the Potts partition function. Stripping the physics from this result leaves one with the result for the weight enumerator polynomial. The result for the approximation of the signed-Euler generating function was accomplished by fashioning a new mapping between quantum circuits and graphs. The mapping provided us with a way of relating the cycle structure of graphs with quantum circuits. Using a slight variant of this mapping, we present the final result of this thesis which presents a way of testing families of quantum circuits for their classical simulatability. We thus provide an efficient way of deciding whether a quantum circuit provides any additional computational power over classical computation and this is achieved by exploiting the fact that planar instances of the Ising partition function (with no external magnetic field) can be efficiently classically computed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/16780
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Mathematics - Doctoral theses

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