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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/16797

Title: The Effect of Ddr1 Deletion on the Expression of Genes Involved in Atherosclerotic Vascular Remodeling and on the Development of Atherosclerotic Calcification
Authors: Ahmad, Pamela
Advisor: Bendeck, Michelle
Department: Medical Science
Keywords: collagen receptors
atherosclerosis
vascular smooth muscle cell
calcification
Issue Date: 20-Jan-2009
Abstract: The effect of Ddr1 deletion on the expression of genes involved in atherosclerotic vascular remodeling and on the development of atherosclerotic calcification Pamela J. Ahmad, PhD Institute of Medical Science, 2008 During atherosclerosis, collagen molecules, which are abundant in the healthy vessel, are extensively degraded, re-synthesized or newly synthesized, and remodeled to induce profound changes in VSMCs as they colonize and expand atherosclerotic lesions. The central theme of this thesis was to investigate the effect of genetic deletion of a collagen receptor, DDR1, on VSMC processes during atherosclerosis. In the first study, we demonstrated a role for DDR1 as an important regulator of gene expression in synthetic VSMCs. We have profiled the expression of vascular collagen matrix molecules, MMPs and TIMPs in synthetic VSMCs and we have demonstrated that deletion of Ddr1 is sufficient to accelerate ECM remodeling in synthetic VSMCs, which may influence cell migration during atherosclerosis. Moreover, we have extended our knowledge of DDR1 function in synthetic VSMCs, by demonstrating that DDR1 limits VSMC proliferation in a complex matrix microenvironment representative of the ECM produced in the vessel wall during vascular disease. In the second study, we investigated the role of DDR1 in atherosclerotic calcification, a feature of advanced atherosclerotic disease. Here, we demonstrated that intimal calcification in Ldlr-/- mice fed a high-fat/ high-cholesterol diet may be mediated through the initiation of a chondrogenic transcriptional regulatory program and that deletion of Ddr1 significantly attenuated the frequency and extent of atherosclerotic mineralization in vivo, as well as the ability of vascular smooth muscle cells to calcify in vitro, suggesting an important role for DDR1 in VSMCs as a positive regulator of this pathological process. In our third study, we provided evidence of a biochemical association between MMP-2 and DDR1b in VSMCs, which involves a direct interaction between MMP-2 and the extracellular region of the DDR1 receptor. In addition, we reported an association between endogenous MMP-2 and Stat1 in VSMCs, providing a platform for future research to investigate the functional consequences of these novel interactions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/16797
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Institute of Medical Science - Doctoral theses

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