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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17198

Title: Aglycone Modulation of HIV Gp120 Binding to Glycosphingolipid (GSL) Detergent-resistant Membrane (DRM) Constructs
Authors: Manis, Adam
Advisor: Lingwood, Clifford A.
Department: Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
Keywords: HIV, Gp120, Glycosphingolipids, Lipid Rafts
Issue Date: 24-Feb-2009
Abstract: HIV gp120 binds CD4+ cells within plasma membrane lipid rafts inducing a conformational change in gp120 that exposes its V3 loop that binds to a chemokine co-receptor, also within lipid rafts, and initiates fusion. Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) may also be bound by gp120. Lipid rafts, enriched with GSLs and cholesterol, are required for HIV entry and therefore the binding of gp120 to GSL-containing vesicles has been studied. Most of the GSL-structures were within the theoretical raft fraction on a discontinuous sucrose gradient while gp120 binding occurred outside of this fraction where a minority of structures migrated. Gb3 fatty acid content modulated binding. Gp120 bound preferentially to structures depleted of cholesterol and binding was enhanced by treating gp120 with CD4. Two water-soluble mimics of Gb3 inhibited gp120 binding to the different structures. The results demonstrate that the aglycone modulation of GSLs alters their receptor function and that the soluble mimics inhibit binding.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17198
Appears in Collections:Master
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology - Master theses

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