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|Title: ||MILATRAS: MIcrosimulation Learning-based Approach to TRansit ASsignment|
|Authors: ||Wahba, Mohamed Medhat Amin Abdel-Latif|
|Advisor: ||Shalaby, Amer Saïd|
|Department: ||Civil Engineering|
|Keywords: ||Public Transportation|
Intelligent Transportation Systems
|Issue Date: ||26-Feb-2009|
|Abstract: ||Public transit is considered a cost-effective alternative to mitigate the effects of traffic gridlock through the implementation of innovative service designs, and deploying new smart systems for operations control and traveller information. Public transport planners use transit assignment models to predict passenger loads and levels of service.
Existing transit assignment approaches have limitations in evaluating the effects of information technologies, since they are neither sensitive to the types of information that may be provided to travellers nor to the traveller’s response to that information. Moreover, they are not adequate for evaluating the impacts of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) deployments on service reliability, which in turn affect passengers’ behaviour.
This dissertation presents an innovative transit assignment framework, namely the MIcrosimulation Learning-based Approach to TRansit ASsignment – MILATRAS. MILATRAS uses learning and adaptation to represent the dynamic feedback of passengers’ trip choices and their adaptation to service performance. Individual passengers adjust their behaviour (i.e. trip choices) according to their experience with the transit system performance. MILATRAS introduces the concept of ‘mental model’ to maintain and distinguish between the individual’s experience with service performance and the information provided about system conditions.
A dynamic transit path choice model is developed using concepts of Markovian Decision Process (MDP) and Reinforcement Learning (RL). It addresses the departure time and path choices with and without information provision. A parameter-calibration procedure using a generic optimization technique (Genetic Algorithms) is also proposed. A proof-of-concept prototype has been implemented; it investigates the impact of different traveller information provision scenarios on departure time and path choices, and network performance. A large-scale application, including parameter calibration, is conducted for the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) network.
MILATRAS implements a microsimulation, stochastic (nonequilibrium-based) approach for modelling within-day and day-to-day variations in the transit assignment process, where aggregate travel patterns can be extracted from individual choices. MILATRAS addresses many limitations of existing transit assignment models by exploiting methodologies already established in the areas of traffic assignment and travel behaviour modeling. Such approaches include the microsimulation of transportation systems, learning-based algorithms for modelling travel behaviour, agent-based representation for travellers, and the adoption of Geographical Information Systems (GIS).
This thesis presents a significant step towards the advancement of the modelling for the transit assignment problem by providing a detailed operational specification for an integrated dynamic modelling framework – MILATRAS.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Civil Engineering - Doctoral theses
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