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|Title: ||The Design of Table-centric Interactive Spaces|
|Authors: ||Wigdor, Daniel|
|Advisor: ||Balakrishnan, Ravin|
|Department: ||Computer Science|
Human Computer Interaction
world in miniature
|Issue Date: ||26-Feb-2009|
|Abstract: ||The Design of Table-Centric Interactive Spaces, by Daniel J. Wigdor
A thesis submitted in partial conformity with the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
Graduate Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto
© Copyright by Daniel J. Wigdor, 2008
Direct-touch tabletops offer compelling uses as direct, multi-touch, multi-user displays for face to face collaborative work. As task complexity and group size increase, the addition to the tabletop of multiple, vertical displays allows for more information content, while reducing the need to multiplex the tabletop display area. We dub such systems table-centric interactive spaces.
Although compelling, these spaces offer unique challenges. In particular, the displays in such spaces are seen by the users at angles not typically found in combination in other environments. First, the viewing imagery shown on a horizontal display by seated participants means that that imagery is distorted, receding away from the users’ eyes. Second, the sharing of information by users sitting around a horizontal display necessitates that on-screen content be oriented at non-optimal angles for some subset of those users. Third, positioning vertical displays around the table means that some subset of the seated users will be looking at those displays at odd angles.
In this thesis, we investigate the challenges associated with these viewing angles. We begin with a examination of related work, including tabletop technology and interaction techniques. Next, we report the results of controlled experiments measuring performance of reading, graphical perception, and ancillary display control under the angles we identified. Next, we present a set of design issues encountered in our work with table-centric spaces. We then review a series of interaction techniques built to address those issues. These techniques are evaluated through the construction and validation of an application scenario.
Through these examinations, we hope to provide designers with insights as to how to enable users to take full advantage of ancillary displays, while maintaining the advantages and affordances of collocated table-centric work.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Computer Science - Doctoral theses
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