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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17273

Title: Functions of Lunatic and Manic Fringe in Regulating the Strength and Specificity of Notch Receptor-ligand Interactions during Hematopoiesis
Authors: Yuan, Julie S.
Advisor: Guidos, Cynthia J.
Department: Immunology
Keywords: Immunology
hematopoiesis
T cell development
Notch signaling
lymphocyte development
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2009
Abstract: Notch signals are required to promote T lineage commitment and development and suppress alternative cell fates in the thymus. Although the Notch activating ligand(s) in the thymus is(are) not known, studies have shown that hematopoietic progenitors are sensitive to Delta-like (DL), but not Jagged (Jag)-type ligands. In Chapter 3, I show that DL-expressing bone marrow stromal cell lines exhibit Notch ligand-independent functional heterogeneity in their capacity to support T cell development in vitro. These findings thus suggest the existence of stromal cell-derived signals that work with Notch to support T cell development. In Chapters 4 and 5, I investigated the ability of Fringe proteins to modulate Notch ligand-receptor interactions and the developmental consequences of these interactions for hematopoetic progenitors. Fringe proteins are glycosyl-transferases that enhance Notch activation by DL ligands and inhibit Notch activation by Jag ligands. In Chapter 4 I show that Lunatic Fringe (Lfng) enhances the strength of DL-mediated Notch activation to drive proliferation and expansion of early thymocytes and that DL4 and DL1 display different potencies to induce Notch-dependent outcomes. In Chapter 5, I demonstrate for the first time in a mammalian system that Lfng and Manic Fringe (Mfng) co-operate to enhance DL-Notch interactions and inhibit Jag-Notch interactions in hematopoietic stem cells. Thus, Lfng and Mfng function together to induce T cell development and inhibit B cell, myeloid and NK cell development. Collectively, these data highlight the importance of Fringe proteins in modulating the strength and specificity of Notch signaling levels during hematopoieisis.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17273
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Immunology - Doctoral theses

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