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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17284

Title: Bone Marrow Stem Cell-mediated Airway Epithelial Regeneration
Authors: Wong, Amy P.
Advisor: Waddell, Thomas K.
Department: Medical Science
Keywords: Lung biology
Stem cell biology
Bone marrow
Tissue regeneration
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2009
Abstract: It has been suggested that some adult bone marrow cells (BMC) can localize to the injured tissues and develop tissue-specific characteristics including those of the pulmonary epithelium. In Chapter 2 we show that the combination of mild airway injury as a conditioning regimen to direct the site of BMC localization and transtracheal delivery of short-term cultured BMC enhances airway localization and adoption of an epithelial-like phenotype expressing Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) and pro-surfactant protein-C. Bone marrow cells from transgenic mice expressing green fluorescent protein driven by the epithelial-specific cytokeratin-18 promoter were injected transtracheally into airway-injured wild-type recipients. BMC retention in the lung was observed to be at least 120 days following cell delivery with increasing transgene expression over time. The results indicate that targeted delivery of BMC can promote airway regeneration. Although bone marrow stem/progenitor cells can develop into lung epithelial cells, the specific subpopulation remains unknown. In Chapter 3 we identify a newly discovered population of murine and human BMC that express CCSP. These CCSP+ cells increase in the bone marrow and blood after airway injury and can be expanded in culture. CCSP+ cells are unique in that they express both hematopoietic and mesenchymal stromal cell markers and can give rise to various lung epithelial lineages in vitro. Importantly, bone marrow transplant of CCSP+ cells to CCSP knockout recipients confirms that bone marrow CCSP+ cells contribute to airway epithelium after airway injury. In Chapter 4 we enrich for a stem/progenitor cell population within the CCSP+ using the stem cell antigen (Sca)-1 as a marker. Here we identified a putative epithelial stem/progenitor cell that can be induced to differentiate into various lung epithelial cell lineages expressing markers exclusive to airway or alveolar epithelial cells when cultured under an air liquid interface. These cells also have self-renewal potential in vitro that can proliferate in vivo and repopulate the injured airway epithelium. This newly discovered epithelial-like cells may play a central role in the bone marrow contribution to lung repair and are exciting candidates for cell-based targeted therapy for treatment of lung diseases.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17284
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Institute of Medical Science - Doctoral theses

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