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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17286

Title: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effects of Guided Imagery on Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Pregnant Women
Authors: Wight Moffatt, C. Faith
Advisor: Hodnett, Ellen
Department: Nursing Science
Keywords: Hypertension
Pregnancy
Guided imagery
Relaxation
Anxiety
Randomized controlled trial
Blood pressure
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2009
Abstract: Hypertension occurs in nearly 10% of pregnancies, and is associated with infant and maternal morbidity and mortality. Prior studies of non-pregnant adults have demonstrated the effectiveness of a variety of relaxation therapies in reducing blood pressure. A pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted, the purposes of which were 1) to provide preliminary evidence regarding the usefulness of guided imagery (GI) in reducing blood pressure in hypertensive pregnant women, and 2) to answer feasibility questions for a larger trial. Pregnant women with hypertension prior to 37 weeks gestation (n = 69) were randomized to either 15-minute periods of guided imagery (n = 34), or of quiet rest (QR) (n = 35), twice daily for four weeks or until delivery, whichever came first. Daytime ambulatory mean arterial pressure (MAP), systolic and diastolic blood pressures, anxiety, rest and GI use were measured weekly, to a maximum of four weeks. Sixty women completed at least one week in the study; 46.4% completed four weeks. Compliance was excellent. Intention to treat analysis was used. In the unadjusted analysis, women allocated to GI had significantly lower average daytime ambulatory mean MAP elevations from baseline to their last week of study participation than women allocated to quiet rest (GI: M = 1.58 mmHg, SD = 7.63; QR: M = 5.93 mmHg, SD = 6.55; t = 2.36, p = .02). However, the effect was no longer statistically significant (p = 0.14) when adjusted for baseline mean arterial pressure and gestation. There was no statistically significant difference in the numbers of women who were prescribed antihypertensive medication after randomization (GI: n = 16, QR: n = 13, X2 = 0.74, p = .46). There was also no evidence of an effect of guided imagery on anxiety. Nearly 90% (n = 26) of the guided imagery group indicated they would use it again, either in a subsequent pregnancy or during stressful life events. Given the ease of use, low cost, acceptability to women, and lack of risk of guided imagery, an adequately-powered randomized controlled trial is warranted.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17286
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Lawrence S Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing - Doctoral theses

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