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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17323

Title: What's Expected? Anticipation of Education and School and Peer Contexts in a National Longitudinal Study of Youth
Authors: Plickert, Gabriele
Advisor: Hagan, John
Department: Sociology
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2009
Abstract: This dissertation examines the relationships among school structure, climate, and peer networks and adolescents’ college expectations using the first wave of the American National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Hierarchical linear models are applied to examine the direct, intervening, and cross-level interaction effects of school context and peer networks. This dissertation applies perspectives of school socialization and peer social capital to explain the relationship between contextual-level characteristics and youths’ intentions to attend college. With controls for individual-level compositional factors, findings indicate that higher school SES and lower percentages of high school dropouts are positively associated with adolescents’ college expectations. Contingencies of gender provide evidence of moderating effects between school context and expectations, particularly for male adolescents. With regard to peer networks, adolescents who expect to attend college are more likely to be involved with prosocial and academically goal-oriented peers. Cross-level interactions between school and peer networks reveal that higher SES schools mediate the potential impact of peers on youths’ college expectations. In contrast to previous studies, this dissertation research indicates that prosocial peer behaviors mediate but do not moderate the effects on adolescents’ own expectations. The findings of this research suggest that future studies and interventions should continue to explore the multiple effects of social contexts to assess fully the impact of schools and peer networks on adolescents’ educational future outcomes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17323
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Sociology - Doctoral theses

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