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|Title: ||Controlling Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers for Robust Integrated Photonic Signal Processing|
|Authors: ||Kuntze, Scott Beland|
|Advisor: ||Aitchison, J. Stewart|
|Department: ||Electrical and Computer Engineering|
|Keywords: ||semiconductor optical amplifiers|
|Issue Date: ||16-Jul-2009|
|Abstract: ||How can we evaluate and design integrated photonic circuit performance systematically? Can active photonic circuits be controlled for optimized performance?
This work uses control theory to analyze, design, and optimize photonic integrated circuits based on versatile semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs). Control theory provides a mathematically robust set of tools for system analysis, design, and control. Although control theory is a rich and well-developed field, its application to the analysis and design of photonic circuits is not widespread.
Following control theoretic methods already used for fibreline systems we derive three interrelated state-space models: a core photonic model, a photonic model with gain compression, and a equivalent circuit optoelectronic model. We validate each model and calibrate the gain compression model by pump/probe experiments.
We then linearize the state-space models to design and analyze SOA controllers. We apply each linearized model to proof-of-concept SOA control applications such as suppressing interchannel crosstalk and regulating output power. We demonstrate the power of linearized state-space models in controller design and stability analysis.
To illustrate the importance of using the complete equivalent circuit model in controller design, we demonstrate an intuitive bias-current controller that fails due to the dynamics of the intervening parasitic circuitry of the SOA. We use the linearized state-space models to map a relationship between feedback delay and controller strength for stable operation, and demonstrate that SOAs pose unusual control difficulties due to their ultrafast dynamics.
Finally, we leverage the linearized models to design a novel and successful hybrid controller that uses one SOA to control another via feedback (for reliability) and feedforward (for speed) control. The feedback controller takes full advantage of the equivalent circuit modelling by sampling the voltage of the controlled SOA and using the error to drive the bias current of the controller SOA. Filtering in the feedback path is specified by transfer function analysis. The feedforward design uses a novel application of the linearized models to set the controller bias points correctly.
The modelling and design framework we develop is entirely general and opens the way to the robust optoelectronic control of integrated photonic circuits.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering - Doctoral theses
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