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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17491

Title: Developmental Regulation of the type-A Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Receptor (GABA-AR) Signaling in the Fetal Rat Lung
Authors: Ahmed, Mijhgan
Advisor: Lu, Wei-Yang
Department: Physiology
Keywords: Lung Development
Type-A Gamma Aminobutyric Acid Receptor (GABA-AR) and Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase (GAD) in Fetal Lungs
Fluid Secretion in the Mammalian Lungs
Cell and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 30-Jul-2009
Abstract: The fetal lung epithelium secretes fluid into the potential pulmonary air-spaces by actively transporting chloride (Cl¯) into the lung lumen. This Cl¯-driven fluid secretion declines with the progression of lung development. Recent studies demonstrate that the A-type γ-aminobutyric acid receptor (GABAAR), a Cl¯ channel, and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65/67), key GABA-synthesizing enzymes, are expressed in adult pulmonary epithelial cells (ECs), forming an autocrine GABAAR signaling system. My thesis study revealed that GABAAR π- and β2- subunits are expressed in high levels in the fetal rat lung epithelium and decline at birth, consistent with pattern of fluid secretion. Immunohistochemistry showed distinct profiles of expression for GABAAR subunits and GAD65/67. Treatment of alveolar ECs with dexamethasone reduced the GABAAR π-subunit expression. These results suggest that the GABAAR signaling in the fetal pulmonary epithelium is developmentally regulated and the GABAAR expression and GABAAR-mediated Cl¯ secretion in pulmonary ECs may be regulated by glucosteroids.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17491
Appears in Collections:Master
Department of Physiology - Master theses

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