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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17497

Title: Long-range Rover Localization by Matching Lidar Scans to Orbital Elevation Maps
Authors: Carle, Patrick J. F.
Advisor: Barfoot, Timothy D.
Department: Aerospace Science and Engineering
Keywords: localization
mobile robotics
autonomy
space robotics
Issue Date: 30-Jul-2009
Abstract: Current planetary rover localization techniques are lacking in autonomy and accuracy. An autonomous method of globally localizing a rover is proposed by matching features extractedvfrom a 3D orbital elevation map and rover-based 3D lidar scans. Localization can be further improved by including odometry measurements as well as orientation measurements from an inclinometer and sun sensor. The methodology was tested with real data from a Mars-Moon analogue site on Devon Island, Nunavut. By tying 23 real scans together with simulated odometry over a 10km traverse, the algorithm was able to localize with varying degrees of accuracy. Output uncertainties were large due to large input uncertainties, but these could be reduced in future experimentation by minimizing the use of simulated input data. It was concluded that the architecture could be used to accurately and autonomously localize a rover over long-range traverses.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17497
Appears in Collections:Master
Institute for Aerospace Studies - Master theses

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