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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17720

Title: Metamaterial-Inspired CMOS Tunable Microwave Integrated Circuits For Steerable Antenna Arrays
Authors: Abdalla, Mohamed
Advisor: Eleftheriades, George V.
Department: Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keywords: tunable active inductors
phase shifters
directional couplers
steerable antenna arrays
metamaterials
CMOS MMIC
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2009
Abstract: This thesis presents the design of radio-frequency (RF) tunable active inductors (TAIs) with independent inductance (L) and quality factor (Q) tuning capability, and their application in the design of RF tunable phase shifters and directional couplers for wireless transceivers. The independent L and Q tuning is achieved using a modided gyrator-C architecture with an additional feedback element. A general framework is developed for this Q- enhancement technique making it applicable to any gyrator-C based TAI. The design of a 1.5V, grounded, 0.13um CMOS TAI is presented. The proposed circuit achieves a 0.8nH-11.7nH tuning range at 2GHz, with a peak-Q in excess of 100. Furthermore, printed and integrated versions of tunable positive/negative refractive index (PRI /NRI) phase shifters, are presented in this thesis. The printed phase shifters are comprised of a microstrip transmission-line (TL) loaded with varactors and TAIs, which, when tuned together, extends the phase tuning range and produces a low return loss. In contrast, the integrated phase shifters utilize lumped L-C sections in place of the TLs, which allows for a single MMIC implementation. Detailed experimental results are presented in the thesis. As an example, the printed design achieves a phase of -40 to +34 degrees at 2.5GHz. As another application for the TAI, a reconfigurable CMOS directional coupler is presented in this thesis. The proposed coupler allows electronic control over the coupling coefficient, and the operating frequency while insuring a low return loss and high isolation. Moreover, it allows switching between forward and backward operation. These features, combined together, would allow using the coupler as a duplexer to connect a transmitter and a receiver to a single antenna. Finally, a planar electronically steerable patch array is presented. The 4-element array uses the tunable PRI/NRI phase shifters to center its radiation about the broadside direction. This also minimizes the main beam squinting across the operating bandwidth. The feed network of the array uses impedance transformers, which allow identical interstage phase shifters. The proposed antenna array is capable of continuously steering its main beam from -27 to +22 degrees of the broadside direction with a gain of 8.4dBi at 2.4GHz.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17720
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
The Edward S. Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering - Doctoral theses

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