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|Title: ||Primary Care Reform: A Case Study of Ontario|
|Authors: ||Aggarwal, Monica|
|Advisor: ||Williams, A. Paul|
|Department: ||Health Policy, Management and Evaluation|
|Keywords: ||primary care reform|
primary health care
primary care reform models
|Issue Date: ||23-Sep-2009|
|Abstract: ||This dissertation examines the factors that have the most significant impact on the pace of change in the primary care (PC) sector in Ontario. In Canada, there have been many attempts to improve the PC system through the introduction of a variety of primary care reform (PCR) models. Some say that there is insufficient movement in the PC sector and that it is in a policy gridlock. Others assert that substantial progress has been made and that transformational change is proceeding.
This dissertation demonstrates that PCR – the movement from PC to some form of primary health care (PHC) – is multi-dimensional and complex. It identifies the multiple dimensions of PHC and demonstrates that each dimension has implications for the structural relationships between the state and the medical association in the PC sector in Ontario.
The framework for this dissertation was derived from three bodies of literature: PC/PHC, neo-institutionalism and professional autonomy. The research design used involves qualitative and quantitative methods, including historical analysis, document analysis, key informant interviews and qualitative data.
The case study of PCR in Ontario demonstrates that while there have been some changes in the methods of physician payment and in the organization and delivery of PC, the majority of PCR models have not fundamentally altered the underlying institutional and structural relationships that characterize the sector. This includes the profession’s ability to control the political, economic and clinical aspects of care. Thus, the PCR models that propose the greatest amount of reform – those that alter structural relationships between the state and the medical association in a manner that results in a significant impact on the balance of power in the PC sector- are less likely to be adopted by physicians. This dissertation corroborates that the PCR models that have the greatest impact on professional autonomy are those that remain at the margins of the health care system, whereas the models that have little or no impact on autonomy have been more readily adopted.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
The Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation - Doctoral theses
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