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|Title: ||Behaviour of Normal and High Strength Concrete Confined with Fibre Reinforced Polymers (FRP)|
|Authors: ||Cui, Ciyan|
|Advisor: ||Sheikh, Shamim A.|
|Department: ||Civil Engineering|
Fibre reinforced polymer
|Issue Date: ||23-Sep-2009|
|Abstract: ||An extensive amount of research has been reported in previous literature on the behaviour of FRP-confined concrete subjected to concentric axial compression. However, data on the behaviour of high strength concrete confined with various types and configurations of FRP systems is still lacking and no consensus exists on the complete response of FRP-confined concrete. In addition, no appropriate design guidelines are currently available.
This thesis reports results from an experimental program involving 112 cylindrical concrete specimens, 88 of which were FRP-wrapped and the remaining 24 were control specimens. All the specimens were 152 mm in diameter and 305 mm in length. Test variables included: amount of FRP materials used, strength and stiffness of FRP materials, concrete strength, and the health of concrete at the time of strengthening.
Experimental results indicated that a pre-repair load of up to 77% of the unconfined concrete strength had no appreciable effect on the stress-strain response of FRP-confined concrete. With an increase of the unconfined concrete strength, the strength enhancement, energy absorption capacity, ductility factor and work (energy) index at rupture of FRP jackets all decreased remarkably. A positive correlation was found between confined concrete ductility and FRP rupture strain. In addition, a gradual post-peak failure of the specimens, observed previously from FRP-confined concrete columns tested at the University of Toronto, was also observed in some of the current tests -- owing to the high speed data acquisition system. That ductile failure can be attributed to the gradual unzipping failure of FRP jacket, which in turn is related to specimen size.
A new constitutive model was developed based on material properties, force equilibrium and strain compatibility. The size effect was taken into account in the model, which is able to accommodate concrete with a wide range of strength (25 MPa to 110 MPa) confined with various types and configurations FRP systems.
Design equations from CSA S806-02 and CSA S6-06 provide reasonable and conservative estimates for the FRP-confined concrete strength. To calculate the peak strain for FRP-confined concrete, an equation based on the work by Berthet et al. (2006) is proposed.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Civil Engineering - Doctoral theses
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