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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17760

Title: Application and Manipulation of Bipartite and Multipartite Entangled States
Authors: Fortescue, Benjamin
Advisor: Lo, Hoi-Kwong
Department: Physics
Keywords: Quantum Information
Issue Date: 24-Sep-2009
Abstract: The phenomenon of quantum entanglement is a fundamental feature of quantum mechanics which, as a counterintuitive and inherently ”quantum” phenomenon (with no classical analogue) has been the subject of much study, especially in quantum information theory. One fruitful approach to the description of entanglement has been in its operational description - that is, in the consideration of what can be achieved using entangled states under certain restrictions, typically the regime of local operations and classical communications. We present results here related to the operational characterisation of entanglement in the resource model, in both bipartite and multipartite cases. First, we consider the conversion between pure bipartite entangled states in terms of an often-ignored resource - the classical communication cost. Using prior results for more specific conversions, we derive lower bounds on this cost (and the related quantity of the conversion inefficiency) for general bipartite pure states. We also consider pure-state conversions of multipartite entanglement, in particular the class of protocols in which multipartite states are converted to states shared between fewer parties. We have found a previously-unconsidered variety of such conversions, in which the target state of the conversion is a state shared between a random subset of the parties. We find that when such post-selection of parties in the protocol is permitted allows for a wider variety of achievable target states; certain states which can not be reliably obtained between predetermined parties (even some where the probability of doing so is arbitrarily small) can be obtained between random parties. We consider a variety of states in which this phenomenon occurs, as well as bounds on such protocols can achieve. Finally we consider a practical use of entanglement as a resource, in an experimental implementation of a multipartite QKD protocol. This is based on the tripartite GHZ entangled state, but can be implemented using only bipartite entanglement. We adapt existing QKD results for both the bipartite and multipartite case to derive a secure key rate for this implementation, taking into account the ways in which it differs from the idealised theoretical case.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17760
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Physics - Doctoral theses

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