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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17803

Title: The Potential of Optical Coherence Tomography for Intravascular Imaging of Chronic Total Occlusions
Authors: Munce, Nigel
Advisor: Vitkin, Alex
Wright, Graham
Department: Medical Biophysics
Keywords: Optical Coherence Tomography
Chronic Total Occlusions
Interventional Cardiology
Intravascular Imaging
Vascular Disease
Image Guided Interventions
Issue Date: 25-Sep-2009
Abstract: This thesis presents the first work, to our knowledge, to evaluate the potential of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) as an intravascular imaging modality to characterize and guide interventions on chronic total occlusions (CTOs) in arteries. An ex vivo imaging study using OCT is presented that characterizes various pathologies associated with peripheral CTOs and illustrates the ability to differentiate between the vessel wall and the occluded lumen. We also found that, while OCT could image approximately 1mm through tissue, it was effective for imaging deeper through clarified microchannels seen within the occluded lumen. While others had reported observing such microchannels within the lumen before, little was known about the global architecture of these channels. This motivated a study of the global morphology of microchannels in occlusions using micro computed tomography (microCT). In this microCT study, we found that microchannels within the occluded lumen of the artery appeared to be continuous over several millimeters. However, these channels also exited the artery frequently, suggesting the need for some form of imaging guidance. As a potential intravascular imaging set-up, a forward-viewing OCT catheter was built. This catheter uses a novel scanning mechanism that combines high voltage and a dissipative polymer to achieve fast compact actuation. Doppler OCT results are presented using this catheter to image flow in the forward direction. Doppler OCT imaging of microchannels in vivo is also shown in a surgically exposed occluded artery in situ.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17803
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Medical Biophysics - Doctoral theses

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