test Browse by Author Names Browse by Titles of Works Browse by Subjects of Works Browse by Issue Dates of Works
       

Advanced Search
Home   
 
Browse   
Communities
& Collections
  
Issue Date   
Author   
Title   
Subject   
 
Sign on to:   
Receive email
updates
  
My Account
authorized users
  
Edit Profile   
 
Help   
About T-Space   

T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
School of Graduate Studies - Theses >
Doctoral >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17831

Title: Autonomic Contributions in Compensatory Balance Control
Authors: Sibley, Kathryn May
Advisor: McIlroy, William E.
Department: Medical Science
Keywords: standing posture
autonomic nervous system
Issue Date: 28-Sep-2009
Abstract: This thesis examined Autonomic Nervous System activity evoked by postural instability. Autonomic reactions were assessed using measures of electrodermal activity at the surface of the skin. Perturbation-evoked electrodermal responses (EDRs) were consistently observed in conjunction with both upper and lower limb postural reactions. These autonomic responses were sensitive to perturbation amplitude, as well as experimental manipulations which did not influence the perturbation itself but which affected response execution. In particular, stimulus predictability and movement challenge modulated EDRs, although purely cognitive manipulations did not significantly affect autonomic responses. Probes examining the potential role of such autonomic potentials in compensatory balance control revealed that EDRs evoked during compensatory postural reactions were larger and more consistent than potentials evoked by purely motor or sensory stimuli, suggesting that evoked autonomic activity plays a role in compensatory behavior. While the specific role of autonomic contributions in compensatory balance control require further study, speculative models for autonomic contributions propose either feedback-based pathways for detection of instability to initiate the postural reaction, and/ or an adaptive role to higher centers important for establishing sensorimotor gain in future conditions. This thesis presents new evidence regarding basic neural mechanisms engaged in the recognition and response to postural instability, and future work may extend these findings in clinical populations with high fall incidence and offer clues as to alternative causes for falls and fall prevention.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17831
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Institute of Medical Science - Doctoral theses

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Sibley_Kathryn_M_200906_PhD_thesis.pdf2.54 MBAdobe PDF
View/Open

Items in T-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

uoft