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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17846

Title: The Influence of Axial Load and Prestress on The Shear Strength of Web-shear Critical Reinforced Concrete Elements
Authors: Xie, Liping
Advisor: Collins, Michael P.
Bentz, Evan
Department: Civil Engineering
Keywords: Reinforced Concrete
Web-Shear Critical
Axial Load
Prestress
Issue Date: 28-Sep-2009
Abstract: Experimental research was conducted to investigate the influence of axial load and prestress on the shear strength of web-shear critical reinforced concrete elements. The ability of two design codes, the ACI code and the CSA code, to accurately predict the shear strength of web-shear critical reinforced concrete elements was investigated through two sets of experiments performed for this thesis, the panel tests and the beam tests. The experimental results indicated that the CSA code provided better predictions for the shear strength of web-shear critical reinforced concrete members subjected to combined axial force and shear force than the ACI code. A total of six panels, reinforced almost identically, were tested under different combinations of uni-axial stress and shear stress. In addition to the panel tests, a total of eleven I-shaped beams, with the same web thickness, were tested under different combinations of axial force and shear force. The parameters for these beams were the amount of longitudinal reinforcement, the amount of transverse reinforcement, and the thickness of the flanges. The beams were simply supported, but the loading geometry was specially designed to simulate the loading conditions in continuous beams near points of inflection. The experimental results from the panel tests and the beam tests followed a similar trend of variations. Both the inclined cracking strength and the ultimate shear strength were increased by compression and were reduced by tension. The specimens subjected to very high compression failed explosively without developing many cracks. The inclined cracking strength could be predicted with good accuracy if the influence of the co-existing compression on the cracking strength of the concrete and the non-uniform distribution of the stresses over the depth of the cross-section were considered. The strength predictions using the ACI code for these tests were neither accurate nor consistent. The ACI code was unconservative for members subjected to compression and was excessively conservative for members subjected to tension. In contrast, the strength predictions using the CSA code for these tests were generally conservative and consistent. The CSA code accurately predicted the response of specimens subjected to compression and was somewhat conservative in predicting the shear strength of specimens subjected to tension.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17846
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Civil Engineering - Doctoral theses

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