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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17881

Title: Effect of mechanical ventilation on cytokine response to intratracheal lipopolysaccharide
Authors: Whitehead, TC
Zhang, H
Mullen, B
Slutsky, AS
Department: Physiology
St. Michael's Hospital
Keywords: mechanical ventilation
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2004
Publisher: Anesthesiology -Philadelphia then Hagerstown-
Citation: Whitehead TC, Zhang H, Mullen B, Slutsky AS. Effect of mechanical ventilation on cytokine response to intratracheal lipopolysaccharide. Anesthesiology. 2004;101(1):52-8.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation may cause lung injury through the excitation of an inflammatory response and the release of mediators, such as cytokines. The authors tested the hypothesis that intratracheal lipopolysaccharide amplifies the cytokine response to mechanical ventilation. METHODS: Rat lungs were intratracheally instilled with lipopolysaccharide followed by ex vivo mechanical ventilation for 2 h with low tidal volume of 7 ml/kg with 3 cm H2O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), high tidal volume of 40 ml/kg with zero PEEP, medium tidal volume of 15 ml/kg with 3 cm H2O PEEP, or medium tidal volume and zero PEEP. RESULTS: In the absence of lipopolysaccharide, lung lavage concentrations of tumor necrosis factor and interleukin 1 beta but not macrophage inflammatory protein 2 were significantly higher in lungs ventilated at high tidal volume/zero PEEP than at low tidal volume. There was a marked increase in lavage tumor necrosis factor and macrophage inflammatory protein 2 concentrations in lungs ventilated at low tidal volume after exposure to intratracheal lipopolysaccharide at doses of 100 ng/ml or greater. However, in lungs ventilated at high tidal volume, this response to lipopolysaccharide was markedly reduced. In addition, the number of alveolar macrophages recovered in the lavage was significantly lower in lungs ventilated at high tidal volume. CONCLUSION: Ventilation strategy can modify lung cytokine responses to lipopolysaccharide, likely through an effect on the alveolar macrophage population.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17881
ISSN: 0003-3022
Appears in Collections:Faculty Publications

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