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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17895

Title: Platelet Toll-like receptor expression modulates lipopolysaccharide-induced thrombocytopenia and tumor necrosis factor-alpha production in vivo
Authors: Aslam, R
Speck, ER
Kim, M
Crow, AR
Bang, KW
Nestel, FP
Ni, H
Lazarus, AH
Freedman, J
Semple, JW
Department: Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
Physiology
St. Michael's Hospital
Keywords: lipopolysaccharide
thrombocytopenia
necrosis
Issue Date: 15-Jan-2006
Publisher: American Society of Hematology
Citation: Aslam R et al. Platelet Toll-like receptor expression modulates lipopolysaccharide-induced thrombocytopenia and tumor necrosis factor-alpha production in vivo. Blood. 2006;107(2):637-41.
Abstract: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a critical role in stimulating innate immunity by recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) on invading microorganisms. Platelets also play a role in innate immunity, and we studied whether they express TLR. Results show that human and murine platelets variably expressed TLR2, TLR4, and TLR9 by flow cytometry and Western blotting. TLR4 expression was confirmed by demonstrating murine platelet binding to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Thrombin activation of the platelets significantly enhanced the expression of TLR9, suggesting that at least some TLRs may derive from intracellular compartments. When LPS was administered to LPS-sensitive C3H/HeN and LPS-resistant C3H/HeJ mice, functional TLR4 expression in vivo was shown to be responsible for LPS-induced thrombocytopenia. However, when the C3H/HeN mice were first rendered thrombocytopenic by an antiplatelet antibody and then administered LPS, a significant reduction occurred in their ability to produce TNF-alpha. The decreased cytokine production in the thrombocytopenic mice was restored with platelet transfusion. These results suggest that platelets express various TLRs and that the functional significance of one of these, TLR4, appears to be a role in the modulation of LPS-induced thrombocytopenia and TNF-alpha production. This work implicates platelets as important mediators of innate immune responses against invading microorganisms.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2005-06-2202
http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17895
ISSN: 0006-4971
Appears in Collections:Faculty Publications

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