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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17949

Title: Effects of N-acetyl-L-cysteine on regional blood flow during endotoxic shock
Authors: Zhang, H
Spapen, H
Nguyen, DN
Rogiers, P
Bakker, J
Vincent, JL
Department: St. Michael's Hospital
Keywords: regional blood flow
oxygen delivery
oxygen extraction
oxygen free radicals
antioxidant
Issue Date: 1-Oct-1995
Publisher: Karger
Citation: Zhang H, Spapen H, Nguyen DN, Rogiers P, Bakker J, Vincent JL. Effects of N-acetyl-L-cysteine on regional blood flow during endotoxic shock. Eur Surg Res. 1995;27(5):292-300.
Abstract: We previously reported that N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), an oxygen free-radical scavenger, can increase the oxygen extraction capabilities during endotoxic shock when blood flow is progressively reduced. In the present study, we investigated whether the protective effects of NAC are related to an improvement in regional blood flow following endotoxemia. Fourteen anesthetized, saline-infused and ventilated dogs were divided into two groups: 7 dogs received NAC (150 mg/kg, followed by a 20 mg/kg.h infusion), and the other 7 dogs served as a control time-matching group. Thirty minutes later all the dogs received Escherichia coli endotoxin (2 mg/kg) i.v. A saline infusion was started 30 min after endotoxin challenge to restore pulmonary artery occlusion pressure to baseline and maintain it constant. Regional blood flow was measured by ultrasonic volume flowmeter. In the control group, arterial pressure, left ventricular stroke work index and systemic vascular resistance remained lower than baseline. Mesenteric, renal and femoral arterial blood flow increased but only femoral blood flow returned to baseline levels. In the NAC group, cardiac index and left ventricular stroke work index remained higher and systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance were lower than in the control group. Blood flow in mesenteric, renal and especially femoral arteries was higher than in the control group. Fractional blood flow increased only in the femoral artery. PaO2 and PvO2 had similar courses in the two groups. A higher venous admixture was associated with a higher cardiac index and a lower pulmonary vascular resistance in the NAC group. Oxygen delivery and oxygen-uptake were higher in the NAC-treated than in the control animals throughout the study.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/17949
ISSN: 0014-312X
Appears in Collections:Faculty Publications

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