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 Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/18044

 Title: !Kung Spacial Organization: An Ecological and Historical Perspective Authors: Lee, Richard B. Keywords: Hunter-gatherers!Kung bushmenSpatial organization - Ecological and social bases of Issue Date: 1972 Publisher: Human Ecology Citation: Lee, R.B. (1972). !Kung spacial organization: An ecological and historical perspective. Human Ecology 1(2), 125-147. Abstract: The ecological and social bases of spatial organization among hunters and gatherers are examined. After criticizing the patrilocal band model of social organization, the author documents the flexible, nonterritorial groupings of the !Kung Bushmen of Botswana and relates them to rainfall and surface water scarcity and variability. The paper goes on to consider the effects of extra-Bushman contacts on the breakdown of sociospatial organization and finds that the observed flexibility occurred in both the pre- and the postcontact periods. The final section attempts to relate the analysis to general issues. Three areas that need further work if a more valid model of hunter spatial organization is to be developed are the problems of time perspective in research, adaptation to long-term climatic variability, and critical thresholds of population density. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/18044 Appears in Collections: Lee, Richard B.Lee, Richard B. - Publications

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