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T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/18223

Title: Numerical Shape Optimization of Airfoils With Practical Aerodynamic Design Requirements
Authors: Buckley, Howard
Advisor: Zingg, David W.
Department: Aerospace Science and Engineering
Keywords: computational aerodynamics
optimization
airfoil
Issue Date: 5-Jan-2010
Abstract: Practical aerodynamic shape design problems must balance performance optimization over a range of on-design operating conditions with constraint satisfaction at off-design operating conditions. A multipoint optimization formulation can be used to represent on-design and off-design conditions with corresponding objective or constraint functions. Two methods are presented for obtaining optimal airfoil designs that satisfy all design objectives and constraints. The first method uses an unconstrained optimization algorithm where optimal design is achieved by minimizing a weighted sum of objective functions at each of the conditions. To address competing design objectives between on-design and off-design conditions, an automated procedure is used to weight off-design objective functions to limit their influence on the overall optimization. The second method uses the constrained optimization algorithm SNOPT, allowing aerodynamic constraints imposed at off-design conditions to be treated explicitly. Both methods are applied to the design of an airfoil for a hypothetical aircraft, which is formulated as an 18-point multipoint optimization.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/18223
Appears in Collections:Master
Institute for Aerospace Studies - Master theses

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