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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/18326

Title: High-precision Cone-beam CT Guidance of Head and Neck Surgery
Authors: Hamming, Nathaniel
Advisor: Siewerdsen, Jeffrey H.
Department: Biomedical Engineering
Keywords: Image-Guided Interventions
Cone-Beam CT
Surgical Navigation
Image Registration
Head and Neck Surgery
Issue Date: 20-Jan-2010
Abstract: Modern image-guided surgery aids minimally-invasive, high-precision procedures that increase efficacy of treatment. This thesis investigates two research aims to improve precision and integration of intraoperative cone-beam CT (CBCT) imaging in guidance of head and neck (H&N) surgery. First, marker configurations were examined to identify arrangements that minimize target registration error (TRE). Best arrangements minimized the distance between the configuration centroid and surgical target while maximizing marker separation. Configurations of few markers could minimized TRE with more markers providing improved uniformity. Second, an algorithm for automatic registration of image and world reference frames was pursued to streamline integration of CBCT with real-time tracking and provide automatic updates per scan. Markers visible to the tracking and imaging systems are automatically co-localized and registered with equivalent accuracy and superior reproducibility compared to conventional registration. Such work helps the implementation of CBCT in H&N surgery to maximize surgical precision and exploit intraoperative image guidance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/18326
Appears in Collections:Master
Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering - Master theses

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