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|Title: ||The Low-dose Limits of Lung Nodule Detectability in Volumetric Computed Tomography|
|Authors: ||Silverman, Jordan|
|Advisor: ||Jeffrey, Siewerdsen|
|Department: ||Biomedical Engineering|
|Keywords: ||Lung Nodule Surveillance|
Lung Cancer Screening
|Issue Date: ||15-Feb-2010|
|Abstract: ||Purpose. Low-dose computed tomography is an important imaging modality for screening and surveillance of lung cancer. The goal of this study was to determine the extent to which dose could be minimized while maintaining diagnostic accuracy through knowledgeable selection of reconstruction techniques.
Methods. An anthropomorphic phantom was imaged on a 320-slice volumetric CT scanner. Detectability of small solid lung nodules was evaluated as a function of dose, patient size, reconstruction filter and slice thickness by means of 9-alternative forced-choice observer tests.
Results. Nodule detectability decreased sharply below a threshold dose level due to increased image noise. For large body habitus, optimal (smooth) filter selection reduced dose by a factor of ~3. Nodule detectability decreased for slice thicknesses larger than the nodule diameter.
Conclusions. Radiation dose can be reduced well below current clinical protocols. Smooth reconstruction filters and avoidance of large slice thickness permits lower-dose techniques without tradeoff in diagnostic performance.|
|Appears in Collections:||Master|
Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering - Master theses
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