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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/18892

Title: The Role of Candidate G-protein Coupled Receptors in Mediating Remote Myocardial Ischemic Preconditioning
Authors: Surendra, Harinee
Advisor: Wilson, Gregory J.
Department: Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
Keywords: remote ischemic preconditioning
opioid receptors
adenosine receptors
bradykinin B2 receptor
CGRP receptor
opioid-adenosine receptor cross-talk
isolated rabbit cardiomyocyte model
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2010
Abstract: This study investigated the role of opioid, adenosine, bradykinin, and calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) receptors, and potential ‘cross-talk’ among suspected G-protein coupled receptors in a humoral model of remote ischemic preconditioning (rIPC) cardioprotection. Compared to Control dialysate (from non-preconditioned donor rabbit blood), rIPC dialysate (from remotely preconditioned blood) reduced cell death in rabbit cardiomyocytes following simulated ischemia and reperfusion. Non-selective, δ-, or κ-opioid receptor blockade and non-selective adenosine receptor blockade abolished rIPC dialysate protection; whereas, bradykinin B2 and CGRP receptor blockade had no effect. Non-selective adenosine receptor blockade fully and partially abolished protection by κ- and δ-opioid receptors, respectively. Multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry detected low levels of adenosine, and other preconditioning substances, in the dialysate. An increase in extracellular adenosine was not detected during opioid-induced preconditioning to explain this cross-talk. These results suggest that δ-opioid, κ-opioid, adenosine receptors, and opioid-adenosine cross-talk are involved in rIPC of freshly isolated cardiomyocytes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/18892
Appears in Collections:Master
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology - Master theses

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