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|Title: ||The Role of Type VIII Collagen in Vascular Occlusive Disease|
|Authors: ||Adiguzel, Ilkim|
|Advisor: ||Bendeck, Michelle|
|Department: ||Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology|
type VIII collagen
|Issue Date: ||18-Feb-2010|
|Abstract: ||During atherosclerosis and restenosis, there is an extensive amount of collagen synthesis and degradation. Changes in the types of collagen present can have profound effects on vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration. Type VIII collagen, which is normally present at low levels within the mature vascular system, is greatly increased during atherogenesis. The central theme of this thesis is to determine the role of type VIII collagen in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and restenosis.
In the first study, we demonstrated the importance of type VIII collagen in SMC migration and proliferation. SMCs from type VIII collagen-deficient mice display increased adhesion and decreased spreading, migration, and proliferation compared to SMCs from wild-type mice. Treatment of SMCs from type VIII collagen-deficient mice with exogenous type VIII collagen can rescue the defects.
In the second study, we determined that type VIII collagen exerts its effects through regulation of MMP-2 expression. Type VIII collagen-deficient SMCs have decreased levels of MMP-2 and are impaired in chemotaxis toward PDGF-BB and in their ability to contract thick collagen gels. We found that decreasing endogenous MMP-2 levels in normal SMCs or adding exogenous collagen to type VIII collagen-deficient SMCs is sufficient to recapitulate the type VIII collagen-deficient or wild-type SMC phenotype, respectively.
In the third study, we investigated the contribution of type VIII collagen to intimal hyperplasia after mechanical injury in the mouse. We found that type VIII collagen-deficient mice display a 35% reduction in intimal hyperplasia and attenuated vessel remodeling after femoral artery wire injury, establishing a role for type VIII collagen in restenosis.
The results of the work presented in this thesis demonstrate that production of type VIII collagen confers an SMC phenotype with a greater propencity for proliferation and migration. These effects are in part mediated through regulation of MMP-2 expression and activation. We conclude that the increases in type VIII collagen production that occur during atherosclerosis and restenosis contribute to the capacity of SMCs to alter the existing extracellular matrix in a manner which permits enhanced migration.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology - Doctoral theses
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