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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19026

Title: Modulation of the M2 Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptor by Cholesterol
Authors: Colozo, Alejandro
Advisor: James, Wells
Department: Pharmaceutical Sciences
Keywords: GPCR
Cholesterol
Cooperativity
Muscarinic
Oligomers
Issue Date: 18-Feb-2010
Abstract: M2 muscarinic receptor extracted from Sf9 cells in cholate-NaCl differs from that extracted from porcine sarcolemmal membranes. Whereas the latter has been shown to exhibit non-competitive effects in the binding of N-methylscopolamine (NMS) and quinuclidinylbenzilate (QNB), which can be explained in terms of cooperativity within a receptor that is at least tetravalent, binding to the former is essentially competitive. Levels of cholesterol in Sf9 membranes were only 5% of those in sarcolemmal membranes and were increased to about 100% by means of cholesterol-methyl-β-cyclodextrin. M2 receptors extracted from CHL-treated Sf9 membranes resembled those from heart; that is, cholesterol induced a pronounced heterogeneity detected in the binding of both radioligands, including a shortfall in the apparent capacity for [3H]NMS, and there were marked discrepancies in the apparent affinity of NMS as estimated directly and via the inhibition of [3H]QNB. The data can be described quantitatively in terms of cooperative effects among six or more interacting sites, apparently within an oligomer. Cholesterol also was found to increase the affinity of the receptor for NMS and QNB, and the effect was examined for its possible relationship to the known interconversion of cardiac muscarinic receptors between an agonist-specific (R*) and an antagonist-specific (R) state. Cholesterol and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) were compared for their effect on the affinity of NMS, QNB and four muscarinic agonists, and the data were assessed in terms of an explicit mechanistic model for a receptor that interconverts spontaneously between two states. The data can be described equally well by an effect of cholesterol on either the distribution of receptors between R and R* or the affinity of all ligands for both states, with an accompanying effect of NEM on either the affinity or the distribution between states, respectively. Since NEM is known from other data to favor R* over R, cholesterol appears to increase affinity per se. Cholesterol therefore is a determinant of affinity and cooperativity in the binding of orthosteric ligands to the M2 receptor. Both effects are observed in solution and therefore appear to arise from a direct interaction between the lipid and the receptor.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19026
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Leslie L. Dan Faculty of Pharmacy - Doctoral theses

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