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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19096

Title: Fibre Reinforcement for Shrinkage Crack Control in Prestressed, Precast Segmental Bridges
Authors: Susetyo, Jimmy
Advisor: Gauvreau, Douglas Paul
Vecchio, Frank J.
Department: Civil Engineering
Keywords: fibre reinforced concrete
steel fibres
crack control
Issue Date: 23-Feb-2010
Abstract: In prestressed precast segmental concrete bridges, conventional longitudinal reinforcement serves only as shrinkage crack controllers. The presence of this reinforcement, however, has restricted the ability to reduce the cross-section of the segments when high strength concrete is used because of the minimum dimensions required to accomodate the reinforcement. Research on fibre reinforced concrete (FRC) indicated that the addition of steel fibres to concrete significantly improved the tensile behaviour and the crack control characteristics of the concrete. This research investigates the feasibility of fibres to replace the conventional shrinkage reinforcement, allowing for the design of thinner and lighter structures with comparable or better crack control characteristics. Extensive work was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of hooked-end steel fibres to control cracks. Seven types of material tests were performed: uniaxial tension test, cylinder compression test, modulus of rupture test, splitting test, free and autogenous shrinkage test, and restrained shrinkage test. In addition, ten 890×890×70 mm concrete panels were tested under in-plane pure-shear loading using the Panel Element Tester. The parameters of study were the fibre volume content (0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5%), the concrete compressive strength (50 and 80 MPa), and the fibre geometry and tensile strength. In addition to the experimental study, a model was developed to investigate the behaviour of a 1D restrained FRC member subjected to shrinkage. The experimental results indicated that the addition of fibres significantly improved the behaviour of the concrete, particularly the crack control characteristics, the post-peak compressive response, the post-cracking tensile response, the toughness, and the ductility of the concrete. The results also indicated that steel fibres were as effective as conventional reinforcement in controlling shrinkage cracking, provided that sufficient fibre volume content was added to the concrete. For example, in order to achieve a maximum crack width of 0.35 mm, a minimum fibre content of 0.9% and 1.1% should be provided for 50 MPa FRC containing high aspect ratio fibres and low aspect ratio fibres, respectively. In addition, the results indicated the importance of fibre content and fibre aspect ratio on the effectiveness of fibre reinforcement.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19096
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Civil Engineering - Doctoral theses

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