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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19102

Title: De la utopía de la solidaridad al dolor del cambio: discursos alrededor de un terremoto
Authors: Villagomez Castillo, Berenice
Advisor: Rodríguez, Néstor E.
Department: Spanish
Keywords: Mexico City 1985 Earthquake
Mexican Literature XXth Century
Poniatowska, Elena
Monsivais, Carlos
Solidarity
Civil Society
Disaster
Fresan, Rodrigo
Olmos, Carlos
Testimonial narratives
Issue Date: 23-Feb-2010
Abstract: This dissertation proposes an analysis of representative texts that portray the earthquake that hit Mexico City in 1985 as a historical event that contributed to forging new ways of interaction among the people itself, as well as between the community as a whole and its government. By examining the representations of this historically important episode in the life of the city, this project compensates for a significant omission of literary criticism—that has relegated the substantial corpus of texts about this catastrophe to brief comments or footnotes on other topics. Through analysis of testimonial chronicles, newspaper articles, political cartoons, music videos, poetry, drama, and narratives, this dissertation investigates the process through which intellectuals created discursive constructions of a new relationship between Mexican society and its government. The following pages give an account of the debate to shape the historical interpretation of the catastrophe: some texts challenged the patrimonialism institutionalized by the government bureaucracy of the PRI State, while others supported the structures in place even though they acknowledged the need for a nimbler bureaucracy. Therefore, this study is focused on texts that incorporate previous discursive traditions to propose new symbolic ways to understand the nation after the earthquake. This discussion engages texts by authors committed to diverse perspectives—such as Elena Poniatowska, Carlos Monsiváis, José Emilio Pacheco, Carlos Olmos, Enrique Serna, and Rodrigo Fresán, among others—to offer a panorama on the arguments presented on the cultural field. This dissertation considers four specific moments in the construction of the new national narrative: (1) the call for solidarity with the victims of the disaster; (2) the redefinition of the idea of civil society; (3) the debate within mass media to impose a particular meaning to both solidarity and civil society; and (4) the questioning of the main discourses related to the earthquake. This study illuminates the ways that the earthquake narratives have been deployed to challenge political inequities and injustices and to attempt political change towards a modern Mexican State.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19102
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Spanish & Portuguese - Doctoral theses

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