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|Title: ||Clinical Practice Guidelines: Sustaining in Organizational Memory|
|Authors: ||Virani, Tazim|
|Advisor: ||Lemieux-Charles, Louise|
|Department: ||Health Policy, Management and Evaluation|
|Keywords: ||Organizational Memory|
Clinical Practice Guidelines
Evidence Based Practice
|Issue Date: ||23-Feb-2010|
|Abstract: ||Organizational theory can assist in better understanding how changes made in clinical practice can be sustained in healthcare organizations. Organizational learning and knowledge transfer theories were used to develop and test a theoretical model, “Sustaining in Memory” (SIM) model, to explore how organizations disperse or distribute newly transferred knowledge in knowledge reservoirs situated in the organization.
Three hypotheses were generated from the theoretical model and tested with data from a cross sectional postal survey of 148 patient/resident care units in one large Canadian province where a CPG on prevention of falls was widely disseminated. Findings confirmed that fall prevention practice knowledge was transferred and embedded in all six knowledge reservoirs; however, there were three specific knowledge reservoirs that were found to be significant predictors of perceived CPG adherence (activities consistent with the CPG recommendations). These were staff, policy and role expectation knowledge reservoirs. There was variation in the adherence to the eight CPG recommendations with greater adherence to recommendations that were mandatory. Additionally, findings showed that the relationship between staff knowledge reservoir and CPG adherence was the only relationship moderated by the practices that helped to prevent/address knowledge loss through various activities designed for reviewing and updating practice knowledge. Interestingly, although CPG adherence was reported significantly greater in LTC resident care units, its association with patient outcomes was much weaker than in hospital patient care units. Hospital units had significantly greater correlation between perceived CPG adherence and all four of the falls prevention outcomes reported by study participants. Lastly, quality management culture as managed by senior leaders in the organization was also found to be a significant predicator of adherence to the CPG.
The research study validated key assumptions made in the theoretical model while helping to clarify the distinct influence of different knowledge reservoirs. The SIM model provided an alternate perspective within which to study knowledge transfer and sustainability of clinical practices and has potential to apply to other change initiatives. This study answered the call for greater theoretically driven studies of CPG implementation as well as attention on the organizational influences of CPG implementation and sustainability.|
|Appears in Collections:||Doctoral|
The Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation - Doctoral theses
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