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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19310

Title: Development of Lanthanide-tagged Substrates Towards the Detection of Proteases by Inductively Coupled Plasma-mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)
Authors: Lathia, Urja
Advisor: Nitz, Mark
Department: Chemistry
Keywords: Detection of proteases
chymotrypsin
ICP-MS
Lanthanides
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2010
Abstract: Rapid, sensitive and quantitative assays for proteases are of great significance for drug development and in diagnosis of diseases. Herein, we describe work towards a novel assay for the multiplexed detection of proteases using ICP-MS. Protease substrates were synthesized containing a diethylenetriaminepentaaceticacid(DTPA) ligand to chelate lanthanide metal ions at the N-terminus, providing a distinct tag for each substrate. A biotin label was appended to the C-terminus allowing separation of uncleaved peptide from the digestion. The enzymatic activities can then be determined by detecting the lanthanide signal of the peptide cleavage products by ICP-MS. Substrates synthesized include DTPA-Gln-Val-Tyr-Gly-Nle-Nle-Lys(biotin)-amide, DTPA-Asp-Gln-Val-Asp-Gly-Lys(biotin)-amide and DTPA-Gly-Pro-Gln-Gly-Leu-Glu-Ala-Lys-Lys(biotin)-amide for calpain-1, caspase-3 and MMP-9 They were loaded with terbium, holmium and praseodymium respectively. As a proof-of-concept, α-chymotrypsin assays were carried out using DTPA-Asp-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-Asp-Lys(Biotin) loaded with lutetium, as a substrate. Calpain-1 assays were also performed. Parallel assays with commercially available fluorogenic substrates for both the enzymes were performed for comparison.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19310
Appears in Collections:Master
Department of Chemistry - Master theses

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