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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19876

Title: Mosquito frequency and feeding habits in an enzootic canine Dirofilariasis area in Niteroi, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Authors: Labarthe, Norma Wolmer
Serrao, Maria Lucia
Melo, Yuri Fontenele
Jose de Oliveira, Sebastiao
Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Ricardo
Keywords: Dirofilaria immitis - heartworm - mosquito frequency - mosquito feeding habits - canine - feline
Issue Date: 31-Dec-1998
Publisher: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
Citation: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (ISSN: 1678-8060) Vol 93 Num 2
Abstract: Heartworm, a chronic fatal mosquito-borne canine disease, is frequently diagnosed in dogs from the State of Rio de Janeiro, where its prevalence is 29.7% in the city of Niteroi. Nevertheless it is rarely detected in cats (0.8%) from the same state. Dogs are the primary source of infection to mosquitoes, because cats either do not demonstrate microfilaremia or it is too low and transient for transmission. A mosquito survey was conducted in Itacoatiara, Niteroi, from March 1995 to February 1996, using canine, feline and human baits. A total of 21 mosquito species (3,888 females) was collected and biting frequency was highest at dusk. The four species collected most frequently (88.9%) were: Aedes taeniorhynchus (30% of the total catch; with the peak in May/June); Culex quinquefasciatus (22.5%; August/October); Aedes scapularis (19.4%; August, October/November and January) and Culex declarator (17%; November/January). Human baits were attractive to these species and dogs were significantly more attractive to them than cats. Ae. taeniorhynchus, Cx. quinquefasciatus, Ae. scapularis, Cx. declarator and Cx. nigripalpus are the most likely mosquito species to transmit Dirofilaria immitis parasites to dogs and may transmit the parasite to humans. It is also suggested that the vector to cats belongs to the genus Culex.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/19876
Other Identifiers: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=oc98027
Rights: Copyright 1998 Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz - Fiocruz
Appears in Collections:Bioline International Legacy Collection

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