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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/20673

Title: Ultrastructural Alterations in Adult Schistosoma mansoni Caused by Artemether
Authors: Shuhua, Xiao
Binggui, Shen
Utzinger, Jürg
Chollet, Jacques
Tanner, Marcel
Keywords: schistosomiasis - Schistosoma mansoni   - artemether - transmission electron microscopy - ultrastructural studies - adult worms
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2002
Publisher: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
Citation: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (ISSN: 1678-8060) Vol 97 Num 5
Abstract: Progress has been made over the last decade with the development and clinical use of artemether as an agent against major human schistosome parasites. The tegument has been identified as a key target of artemether, implying detailed studies on ultrastructural damage induced by this compound. We performed a temporal examination, employing a transmission electron microscope to assess the pattern and extent of ultrastructural alterations in adult Schistosoma mansoni   harboured in mice treated with a single dose of 400 mg/kg artemether. Eight hours post-treatment, damage to the tegument and subtegumental structures was seen. Tegumental alterations reached a peak 3 days after treatment and were characterized by swelling, fusion of distal cytoplasma, focal lysis of the tegumental matrix and vacuolisation. Tubercles and sensory organelles frequently degenerated or collapsed. Typical features of subtegumental alterations, including muscle fibres, syncytium and parenchyma tissues, were focal or extensive lysis, vacuolisation and degeneration of mitochondria. Severe alterations were also observed in gut epithelial cells and vitelline cells of female worms. Our findings of artemether-induced ultrastructural alterations in adult S. mansoni confirm previous results obtained with juvenile S. mansoni and S. japonicum of different ages.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/20673
Other Identifiers: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=oc02137
Rights: Copyright 2002 - Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Fiocruz
Appears in Collections:Bioline International Legacy Collection

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