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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/21665

Title: Pseudomonas aeruginosa: study of antibiotic resistance and molecular typing in hospital infection cases in a neonatal intensive xare unit from Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil
Authors: Loureiro, M. M.
de Moraes, B. A.
Mendonça, V. L. F.
Quadra, M. R. R.
Pinheiro, G. S.
Asensi, Marise Dutra
Keywords: Pseudomonas aeruginosa   - neonatal intensive care unit - hospital infection - sepsis - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2002
Publisher: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz
Citation: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (ISSN: 1678-8060) Vol 97 Num 2
Abstract: This study had the objective of to analyze the demographic and bacteriologic data of 32 hospitalized newborns in an neonatal intensive care unit of a public maternity hospital in Rio de Janeiro city, Brazil, seized by Pseudomonas aeruginosa   sepsis during a period ranged from July 1997 to July 1999, and to determine the antimicrobial resistance percentage, serotypes and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of 32 strains isolated during this period. The study group presented mean age of 12.5 days, with higher prevalence of hospital infection in males (59.4%) and vaginal delivery (81.2%), than females (40.6%) and cesarean delivery (18.8%), respectively. In this group, 20 (62.5%) patients received antimicrobials before positive blood cultures presentation. A total of 87.5% of the patients were premature, 62.5% presented very low birth weight and 40.6% had asphyxia. We detected high antimicrobial resistance percentage to b-lactams, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and tetracycline among the isolated strains. All isolated strains were classified as multi-drug resistant. Most strains presented serotype O11 while PFGE analysis revealed seven distinct clones with isolation predominance of a single clone (75%) isolated from July 1997 to June 1998.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/21665
Other Identifiers: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=oc02074
Rights: Copyright 2002 - Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Fiocruz
Appears in Collections:Bioline International Legacy Collection

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