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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/2315

Title: A reassessment of matrilocality in Chacoan culture
Authors: Schillaci, Michael A.
Stojanowski, Christopher M.
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Society for American Archaeology
Citation: American Antiquity, 67(2), 2002, pp. 343-356
Abstract: Recent research presented in American Antiquity (66:36-46) proposed that the prehistoric Puebloan communities of Chaco Canyon in the American Southwest conformed to a matrilocal pattern of postmarital residence. The inference of matrilocality at Chaco Canyon was based on the assumption that a number of the most likely modern descendants of the Chacoans are matrilocal, including the present-day Zuni and Hopi Indians, and that the household floor area had increased to a level indicative of female-based residence. The present study assesses these two important assumptions using biological and architectural data. Our results indicate the assumptions needed to infer matrilocal residence at Chaco Canyon might not be satisfied. The biological evidence indicates close relationships with both matrilocal and bilocal present-day populations, while the architectural evidence is more consistent with a male-based pattern of postmarital residence. Limitations to the study of postmarital residence at archaeological sites are discussed. La reciente investigacion presentada en la revista American Antiquity (2000, 66:36-46) propuso que los pueblos indigenas prehistoricos del Canon de Chaco en el suroeste de los Estados Unidos de America conformaron a un patron matrilocal en cuanto a la residencia postmatrimonial. La inferencia de la matrilocalidad en el Canon de chaco se baso en la suposicion de que una cantidad de los probables descendientes modernos del pueblo Chaco son matrilocales, incluyendo los indigenas modernos Zuni y Hopi, y tambien que las dimensiones de las unidades domesticas se habian aumentado a un nivel indicativo de una residencia matrilocal. Este estudio analiza las dos suposiciones usando datos biologicos y arquitectonicos. Nuestros resultados indican que probablemente no sostienen las suposiciones requeridas para inferir la residencia matrilocal en el Canon de Chaco y que la evidencia biologica indica una relacion cercana entre los indigenas modernos matrilocal y bilocal. Tambien, la evidencia arquitectonica es mas compatibl e con el modelo patrilocal con respecto a la residencia postmatrimonial. Se discuten las limitaciones de estudio de la residencia postmatrimonial en cuanto a los sitios arqueologicos.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/2315
Appears in Collections:Social Sciences

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