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|Title: ||Haptic pictures: Fit judgments predict identification, recognition memory, and confidence|
|Authors: ||Kennedy, John M.|
|Issue Date: ||2002|
|Publisher: ||Pion Ltd.|
|Citation: ||Kennedy, J. M., & Bai, J. (2002). Haptic pictures: Fit judgments predict identification, recognition memory, and confidence. Perception, 31(8), 1013-1026.|
|Abstract: ||D'Angiulli et al (1998 Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 39 187 - 190) found blind and sighted (blindfolded) children identified common objects in raised-outline drawings explored haptically, and corrected themselves without feedback. The self-correction suggests that participants can assess the extent to which the referents they suggest as possible identifications fit the haptic pictures. Indeed, when we asked subjects to identify haptic pictures, and to judge how well the referents they mentioned fitted the pictures, their fit judgments predicted the accuracy of their suggestions. Also, when one group of subjects offered the suggestions and another group assessed the fit of the suggestions to the pictures, the fit judgments predicted the accuracy of the suggestions. Further, good fit predicted successful recognition memory. In addition, both high and low fit judgments were made confidently, so the range of confidence judgments was smaller than the range of fit judgments. Finally, visual judgments of fit by one group predicted the level of success of the suggestions from another (haptic) group. In sum, subjects assess their suggested identifications appropriately, most likely on the basis of object shape criteria, outlined surface edges, and use of a vantage point.|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology|
Kennedy, John M.
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