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|Title: ||Unresolved contradictions specifying attitudes -- in metaphor, irony, understatement and tautology|
|Authors: ||Berntsen, Dorthea|
Kennedy, John M.
|Issue Date: ||1996|
|Publisher: ||Elsevier Science|
|Citation: ||Berntsen, D., & Kennedy, J. M. (1996). Unresolved contradictions specifying attitudes - in metaphor, irony, understatement and tautology. Poetics, 24(1), 13-29.|
|Abstract: ||Tropes using unresolved contradiction to specify attitudes can be found in several kinds of figurative language. Examples of metaphor, irony, understatement and tautology are presented. In metaphor, the discrepancy between the ordinary reference of a term and its metaphoric use can be an instrument of specifying an attitude for the receiver. Unresolved contradiction can be useful in comprehending metaphors in which (1) there is a paradox, (2) the subject is implicit, and (3) the subject is ill-defined. In irony and understatement, the gap between what is literally said and the sender's belief can communicate the sender's attitude towards the subject matter. By being literally repetitious and non-informative, tautology can express attitudes of self-justification, conservatism and the like. We conclude that contradictions implied at the surface level of a trope need not always be resolved for the trope to be properly understood.|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology|
Kennedy, John M.
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