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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24292

Title: An empirically validated model of the pressure within a droplet confined between plates at equilibrium for low Bond numbers
Authors: Schertzer, Michael
Gubarenko, Sergey
Ben-Mrad, Ridha
Sullivan, Pierre
Issue Date: May-2010
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Citation: Exp Fluids (2010) 48:851–862 DOI 10.1007/s00348-009-0773-8
Abstract: An analytical model is presented that describes the equilibrium pressure within a confined droplet for small Bond numbers without prior knowledge of the interface shape. An explicit equation for the pressure was developed as a function of the gap height, surface tension, and contact angle. This equation was verified empirically. The shape of the interface was found based on the pressure predicted by both the proposed model and a model commonly used in electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD) investigations. These shapes were compared against experimentally observed interfaces for aspect ratios between 3.5 and 18. The pressures and shapes predicted by the proposed model were at least an order of magnitude more accurate than those predicted with a more commonly used model. At anaspect ratio of 3.5, the average error in the predicted shape was almost 4%, but decreased below the experimental error at an aspect ratio of 6. An aspect ratio of 15 is required for an EWOD device to split water droplets in air. The error in the model pressure and its predicted interface in this case were approximately 0.3%. The analytical pressure model proposed here can be used to increase the accuracy of models of practical EWOD devices. Better accuracy can be attained for small aspect ratios by iteratively calculating pressure using the model proposed here.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24292
ISSN: 0723-4864
Appears in Collections:Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

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