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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24310

Title: Modeling and Control of a Magnetic Fluid Deformable Mirror for Ophthalmic Adaptive Optics Systems
Authors: Iqbal, Azhar
Advisor: Ben Amara, Foued
Department: Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Keywords: Magnetic Fluid Deformable Mirror
Adaptive Optics
Retinal Imaging
Control
Modeling
Issue Date: 13-Apr-2010
Abstract: Adaptive optics (AO) systems make use of active optical elements, namely wavefront correctors, to improve the resolution of imaging systems by compensating for complex optical aberrations. Recently, magnetic fluid deformable mirrors (MFDM) were proposed as a novel type of wavefront correctors that offer cost and performance advantages over existing wavefront correctors. These mirrors are developed by coating the free surface of a magnetic fluid with a thin reflective film of nano-particles. The reflective surface of the mirrors can be deformed using a locally applied magnetic field and thus serves as a wavefront corrector. MFDMs have been found particularly suitable for ophthalmic imaging systems where they can be used to compensate for the complex aberrations in the eye that blur the images of the internal parts of the eye. However, their practical implementation in clinical devices is hampered by the lack of effective methods to control the shape of their deformable surface. The research work reported in this thesis presents solutions to the surface shape control problem in a MFDM that will make it possible for such devices to become integral components of retinal imaging AO systems. The first major contribution of this research is the development of an accurate analytical model of the dynamics of the mirror surface shape. The model is developed by analytically solving the coupled system of fluid-magnetic equations that govern the dynamics of the surface shape. The model is presented in state-space form and can be readily used in the development of surface shape control algorithms. The second major contribution of the research work is a novel, innovative design of the MFDM. The design change was prompted by the findings of the analytical work undertaken to develop the model mentioned above and is aimed at linearizing the response of the mirror surface. The proposed design also allows for mirror surface deflections that are many times higher than those provided by the conventional MFDM designs. A third contribution of this thesis involves the development of control algorithms that allowed the first ever use of a MFDM in a closed-loop adaptive optics system. A decentralized proportional-integral (PI) control algorithm developed based on the DC model of the wavefront corrector is presented to deal mostly with static or slowly time-varying aberrations. To improve the stability robustness of the closed-loop AO system, a decentralized robust proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is developed using the linear-matrix-inequalities (LMI) approach. To compensate for more complex dynamic aberrations, an Hinf controller is designed using the mixed-sensitivity Hinf design method. The proposed model, design and control algorithms are experimentally tested and validated.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/24310
Appears in Collections:Doctoral
Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering - Doctoral theses

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